# Research

I am a research scientist at the Uniformed Services University in Bethesda, Maryland. My research focuses on developing new analytical tools to facilitate understanding of dynamical processes that occur on networks. By realizing information theoretic analyses via nonparametric statistics, researchers can gain new insights into the organization of complex systems. A selection of my research interests are summarized below.

### Computational Mechanics

Computational mechanics is a subdiscipline of the theory of stochastic processes motivated by finding the minimal representation of a stochastic process based on its predictive distribution. It is not this, and really warrants its own Wikipedia entry. For a good overview, see here, and here, while the course material still exists. An excellent review article is here.

The central object of study for computational mechanics is the *causal* or *predictive* states of the process, resulting from partitioning pasts of the process based on their predictive distributions, and the transitions between those states.

If the process you are interested is conditionally stationary, then you can learn its predictive states and the transitions between them from a (long enough) single realization of the process. One approach to this learning problem is Causal State Splitting Reconstruction.

My main contribution to the practice of computational mechanics is the first implementation of a reconstruction algorithm for the predictive states of an input-output process, called Transducer Causal State Splitting Reconstruction, or`transCSSR`for short. You can find a Python module that implements

`transCSSR`here.

### Complex Social Systems

For the first time in human history, we have massive data sets about how humans interact with each other and with their environment. This data arises from diverse settings, from cell phone call records to geotagged images to interactions on social media. The prevalence of such data has caused a renaissance in the social sciences, allowing for the quantitative study of how large populations of humans behave outside of the laboratory. However, the abundance of such data does not in itself offer understanding. Instead, we must turn to models that describe and explain this data. This has been the core mission behind the nascent field of computational social science. During my time in graduate school, I worked to advance this mission by developing statistical methods for understanding time series data drawn from complex social systems. You can find my PhD thesis related to this work here.

### Information Theory

Information theory provides a mathematical framework for describing how a system stores, processes, and transmits information. Developed by Claude Shannon in the 1940s to model communication channels, information theory has undergone a renaissance, finding applications in the physical, biological, and social sciences. My research focuses on developing new information theoretic measures that can be estimated from data, with an emphasis on methods applicable to dynamical systems. Two new measures in this vein are the Specific Entropy Rate and the Specific Transfer Entropy.